▲“我的摄影风格取决于我的思想” Michał Pachniewski专访
2014-03-20

 

    Michał Pachniewski,波兰摄影师,暂居成都。创作“别坐!我要搬凳子”和“消失的环境”两个系列影像作品。 

(X:徐瑞婧   M:Mike) 

X:首先,可以简单介绍下自己吗? 

M:我叫迈克,来自一个可爱的波兰小镇。 

X:能谈谈您选择在中国停留的原因吗?准备在这里呆多长时间? 

M:我是2006年来中国的,当时打算在这里呆6个月左右。一开始我认为这6个月对我来说仅仅会是人生的一个小插曲,一个挑战而已。但是事实证明6个月完全不够,不足以让我表达出我想表达的,不足以让我领略所有想要看的风景,不足以让我了解完所有我想要了解的。后来,我甚至在这里遇到了我未来的妻子,然后你看,现在已经过去7年啦。但我认为距离我能真正敢说对中国很了解,还需要一段时间。在这里我想正式的对中国的城市说,是时候改变改变生活环境了。 

 

X:从flickr更新情况推测您居住在成都,能不能用你的视角来描述这个城市? 

M:这个城市确实已经发生了改变。第一次到成都时候,我感觉这个城市有很多自行车,这让人感觉很亲切友好。但是现在这个城市变得现在非常忙碌。可能是汽车改变了成都的原因,现在我们有了更广阔的街道,就连自行车线也在一夜之间变成停车场或者BRT城市快速列车……不过,无论如何这座城市仍有它的魅力。不论在公园或者说其他的地方,许多有趣的事情就发生在成都的大街小巷或者一些小型聚会中,这就是我所感悟到的成都生活。 

X:在flickr看到您的作品,您希望通过您的作品表现出那些东西,一时的想法?社会的印象?或者其他? 

M:我想表现的思想取决于我的摄影的主题。有时通常只是当我走在路上时,我拍摄是一些能看到的,还有能让我驻足的小画面,这些物体在周边环境的映衬下显得比较突出,让我不得不注意到。比如在拍摄一些街上的长椅时,我总是试图拍出它的性格,因为我相信他们其实是有自己的个性的。我现在正在做一个这个名叫“消失的环境”主题系列的照片,我是想试图表现飞速变化的城市环境,“友好比邻”这些词正在渐渐变为过去,“友好比邻”在如今这个社会里表现的好像越来越少了,并且正在逐渐的淡忘出我们的视线,可能“友好比邻”也不会成为这个城市今后一个发展的趋势。所以我拍摄的画面就是想讲述城市在发展,但好像我们与城市之间的关系越来越冷漠了,希望能通过我的照片让读者思考这个问题。 

 

 

X:一个好的设备,不如一个与众不同的视角,您是在怎样一个状态下去拍摄与其他人不同视角的街拍摄影? 

M:对于设备这个问题,我认为一个好的拍摄工具,它可以在一些严苛的条件下,帮助你在你的报道任务中拍摄到运动的画面。例如,拍摄纪录片就需要非常好的设备。好的设备可以轻易的帮助你把你的技术发挥到极限。但是这样真的好吗?我想说的是,现在很多人过于重视拍摄本身,而不是在意拍的是什么或是怎么进行拍摄,只重技术或者设备而忽略了作品本身的内涵。其实,我觉得“思想”才是一个好作品的主干,“思想”才是摄影背后最应该重视的概念。如果当你意识到,不是自己的技术不够,而是你的设备已经开始限制你所想要表达的思想内涵的时候。到那时,你就可以升级你的设备了。 

 

 

X:从不同的视角拍摄,您的摄影理念有受到过他人的影响吗? 

M:街头摄影你很难用几个简单的词语来概括,单单在词典里就已经给出了很多个的解释了。从一方面来讲,它应该包括人这个主体,但又有一些人认为在街头拍摄的照片中应该加入幽默的元素,“幽默”这一词对于许多街道摄影来讲都是非常重要的。在创作的时候,我不是一个喜欢躲在一个tele-zoom镜头的人,而是更倾向于去接近拍摄对象。对于我来说,交流是十分重要的,图像色彩亦是如此。当我在街上寻找时,我往往会对不寻常、幽默的和不拘一格的事物感兴趣。我不喜欢只是随机的拍摄一些东西,街拍时首先观察,找到它的特性时,才按下快门。我自己的方式听起来很容易。但我觉得不同的摄影师都有他们自己方法。不过,对于图像,我喜欢透过它看到作品背后的内涵。 

X:“xxxx miles since”是你作品的编号还是一个您正在做的主题系列? 

M:很多人问我这个问题,他们中的大多数得到了相同的答案:王家卫。他是我创作的灵感。(注:参看蓝莓之夜) 

 

 

X:能讲讲你自己的摄影风格和摄影理念吗?什么样的状态下会按下快门? 

M:自己的风格吗?如果我必须回答,我的风格就是在街拍、报道和纪实摄影中,重视颜色。对比强烈的色彩是我的风格。 

X:如果要成为一个好的摄影师,你可以给点建议吗? 

M:成为一个好的摄影师首先你必须对你所做的事情感兴趣,认识到什么是你最想做的。这个取决于你想表现的影像作品的题材。我认为,经常在摄影棚中工作的摄影师需要熟练掌握光线、闪光灯和其它在工作中所用到的的技术设备,这是因为他们的工作性质依赖它们。超酷的摄影棚,、设备、器材和后期技术,才会吸引顾客去光顾他们。然而,我做的有关于街头文化和纪实报道这部分内容,更多的是去关注摄影师本人看待事物的方式。专业的设备和器材是次要的,风格和内涵才是主角。是的,我认为风格和视角才能阐释我的内心,当然做好它非常的难,但也不是不能做到的,需要自己的努力。 

X:最后,能谈谈你正在进行或者接下来准备进行的一些拍摄计划吗? 

M:我会继续拍摄我的两个系列作品:“别坐!我要搬凳子”和“消失的环境”,同时也想准备关于这两个系列的图片展。明年,我打算去缅甸继续完成我的街头摄影,希望可以在那里拍摄到我想要的照片。 

 

 

X: First,could you simply introduce yourself? 

M: My name is Mike and I’m from a little,lovely town in Poland. 

X: The reason why you choose to stay in China? How long are you going to stay here? 

M: I came to China in 2006 and I was planning on staying for around 6 months.It was supposed to be an episode, an adventure.As it turned out 6 months was simply not enough to be able to say that I saw what I wanted to see, that I understood what I wanted to understand.Then I met my future wife and there you go,it’s been more than 7 years.I think I’ll need few more before I say I’m officially done with China and it’s time to change the environment. 

 

 

X: Inferred from Flickr updating you live in Chengdu,Could you use your perspective to describe this city? 

M: The city has changed for sure. I've got a feeling that it was much more bicycle friendly when I first got here. It's very busy, very hectic now. Cars changed the face of Chengdu. Wider streets, bicycle lines transformed overnight into parking spaces, BRT...but despite all this the city still got its charm. The parks, life that takes place right on the streets,little social gatherings. 

X: Your photographs in flickr, What things you want to show from your work,momentary thoughts? Community impressions? Or any other else? 

M: Depends on the subject of my photography .Often it is just something interesting I've spotted while walking with my camera, something different that stands out of the surroundings. When I photograph chairs I often find on the streets, I try to show their personalities as I kind of believe they have personalities of their own. Taking pictures for my"Disappearing Surroundings"series I tried to show the rapidly changing urban environment and the charming neighborhoods that are slowly becoming part of the past rather than present and they are most definitely not considered to be a part of the future of Chengdu. 

 

 

X: A good equipment is not as good as a different kind of perspective,how do you be in a state to go shooting with? 

M: Equipment matters when you shoot sports or working on a reportage assignment where the conditions are really demanding and can easily push your gear to the limits. I guess what I'm trying to say here is that in general people put too much importance to what they shoot with instead of what they actually photograph and how they do it. Idea, a concept behind the photograph is the most important. When you get to the point where you realize that your limitations are caused by the equipment you use rather than your own skills then it's time to upgrade. 

 

 

X: What kind of status you are shooting street photography from different perspectives with others? 

M: Street photography is rather hard to describe in few simple words and you will find plenty of dictionary-like definitions out there. Some say it should include people,others add the humorous element which should be present in a street photo. For many the word street, as a place in general is the most important factor. I like to get really close to the object. I'm not a fan of hiding behind a tele-zoom lens. Composition is important for me, so is the color. When I’m on the street I look for the unusual,for juxtapositions,humor, patterns... there are many things that fascinate me. I'm not fond of just pointing to the crowd and shoot randomly. I see things first then I press the shutter.Sounds obvious but I've got a feeling that many people choose a different approach. I like to see the idea behind a photograph when I look at it. 

 

 

X: "XXXX miles since" is your work number? Or is a theme that you are doing in the series? 

M: Many asked me that question before and most of them were given the same answer: Wong-Kar Wai. He was the inspiration here. 

X: Could you tell us something about your own style of photography and photographic ideas? 

M: Own style? If I had to characterize it I would go for a mixture of street, reportage and documentary photography with a great importance placed on color. 

 

 

 

X: To become a good photographer,Could you give us any suggestion? 

M: Well to become good at something you need to establish first what is it that you want to do. It all depends on what kind of photography we are talking about.I guess someone who's mainly into studio work will need to master the use of light,strobes and all the technical aspects of the equipment they work with as their job, their photography depend on it. Only then I’d call a person a good studio photographer. When it comes to street photography or reportage it's more about the way you see things. Gear is of secondary importance here.Style plays the most important role. Yeah I think style and keen eye would be my answer. Both hard, if not impossible to teach. 

X: At last,would you describe some ongoing or preparing shooting plans? 

M: I keep shooting for my"Don’t Sit Down Cause I’ve Moved Your Chair"and"Disappearing Surroundings"series and thinking of organizing another photo exhibition.I would also like to visit Myanmar sometime next year and try street photography there. 

 

 

更多关于Michał Pachniewski摄影师的作品请关注:http://www.flickr.com/photos/lilleabe 

 

 

                                                                                      采访/撰文:徐瑞婧
摄影:Michał Pachniewski(Mike)
英文校对:林海洋